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TOPIC: Ancient Settlements


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RE: Ancient Settlements
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Archaeologists in China have found the ruins of a 2,000-year-old city dating back to the Eastern Han Dynasty, a report said Wednesday.
The site, located near Fujiacun village in Fengcheng city in Jiangxi province, covers about 18,000 square metres and is surrounded by a moat

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Aditchanallur
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Archaeological excavations and research should be conducted at Aditchanallur, Poompuhar and Korgai, which would help throw light on history of ancient Tamils, Tamil Nadu Finance Minister K. Anbazhagan has said.
During recent excavations at Aditchanallur, earthern urns dating to 3000 BC were found.

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Chinese Academy of Social Sciences has announced the country's top six archaeological discoveries of 2009. Among them are the Neolithic Ruins at Dongshan Village in eastern Jiangsu province. The site has evidence of the earliest Chinese civilization ever found.
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Prehistoric building in Tel Aviv

Archaeologists have uncovered remains of an 8,000-year-old prehistoric three-room structure as well as ancient flint tools near the Ayalon river in the modern city of Tel Aviv. The building is the earliest structure ever found in Tel Aviv and changes what archaeologists previously believed about the area in ancient times.

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Khirbet Qeiyafa
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Khirbet Qeiyafa is a forgotten Biblical site. This is most surprising in view of its massive fortifications of megalithic stones which still stand to a height of 2-3 m, and its strategic geopolitical location.
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Damsay submerged structures
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A unique discovery of submerged man-made structures on the seabed off Orkney could help find solutions to rising sea levels, experts have said.
They said the well preserved stone pieces near the island of Damsay are the only such examples around the UK.

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Damsayb.jpg
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Latitude: 590'31"N, Longitude: 33'47"W

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Howburn Farm
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Scotlands foremost amateur archaeologist, Tam Ward of Biggar Archaeology Group, was guest speaker at the November meeting of Lanark and District Archaeological Society.
The subject of Tam's talk was about the excavation work at Howburn Farm, near Elsrickle, which turned out to be the most important dig in Scotland this year.

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Tel Kabri
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Kabrib.jpg
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The remains of a Minoan-style wall painting, recognisable by a blue background, the first of its kind to be found in Israel, was discovered in the course of the recent excavation season at Tel Kabri. This fresco joins others of Aegean style that have been uncovered during earlier seasons at the Canaanite palace in Kabri.

"It was, without doubt, a conscious decision made by the city's rulers who wished to associate with Mediterranean culture and not adopt Syrian and Mesopotamian styles of art like other cities in Canaan did. The Canaanites were living in the Levant and wanted to feel European" - Dr. Assaf Yasur-Landau of the University of Haifa, who directed the excavations.

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Archaeological site, Tel Kabri is located in the western Galilee, five km east of Nahariya and the Mediterranean coast, spreading over an area of 130 acres. Some scholars maintain that it is not a single prominent mound formed over many generations but rather a complex of sites from different periods, scattered over a considerable area. The most prominent feature of the site now known as Tel Kabri is the rampart surrounding it. This rampart, marking the northern limit of the Middle Bronze Age settlement, lies southwest of the ruins of Dharat et-Tell, one of three small Arab villages that existed in the area before 1948. An ancient agricultural terrace runs east to west across this part of the mound where the cemetery and water tower of Kibbutz Kabri stand today. In the southwestern section of the site are the ruins of et-Tell, close to the 'Ein Shefa (Mafshuh) spring, which today is linked to the National Water Carrier. On the southeastern part of the rampart, south of the 'Ein Giah spring, lie the ruins of a third Arab village, en-Naher. Landmarks in this village are the house of Afifi and the Turkish water mill.
Evidence of Late Neolithic occupation was found mainly in Area B, and also around the 'Ein Giah spring and beneath the Bronze Age strata at Dharat et-Tell, near the 'Ein Shefa spring. In the Early Bronze Age a more substantial settlement developed around the 'Ein Shefa Spring. The Middle Bronze Age occupants utilised the higher area to build a city that became an important center in the region. In the Iron Age and Hellenistic period the occupation of the site shifted to the southwestern sector where there was a fortress whose remains exhibit material culture closely associated with Phoenicia. During the Roman to Ottoman periods, the local inhabitants preferred to live on the hill that lies northeast of the ancient settlement. In modern times two Arab villages (et-Tell and en-Naher) were built on the southernmost ruins of the Middle Bronze Age enclosure.

Latitude: 33 0'33.70"N, Longitude: 35 8'23.31"E

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RE: Ancient Settlements
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With shafts of sunlight shimmering through a few metres of crystal clear water, you can pick out the cornerstones of an ancient civilisation which inspired literature and legend.
There is more than a whiff of Atlantis about the story of Pavlopetri - the world's oldest submerged town.
But the Bronze Age site has its roots in fact not fiction.


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Latitude: 3631'01"N, Longitude: 2259'19"E

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