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Pyramids
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Egyptians pay tribute to pyramids
The towering pyramids are the most recognisable symbol of the country. Young Egyptians launched a campaign to promote preservation of the ancient monuments last weekend.

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RE: Great Pyramid
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A sealed space in the Great Pyramid of Egypt may explain how ancient Egyptians moved the huge blocks to build the monument, report says.
The hole may support the theory that the pyramid was built inside out, via a spiralling, inclined interior tunnel.

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Egypt has erected a 12-mile security fence around the Pyramids site at Giza in a bid to rid the site of hawkers.
The authorities have made the move to stop vendors selling trinkets and camel rides to visitors to the site. Its also designed to stop visitors from climbing the pyramids.

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Many of Egypt's most famous monuments, such as the Sphinx and Cheops pyramid at Giza, contain hundreds of thousands of marine fossils, according to a new study.
Most of the fossils are intact and preserved in the monument walls, giving clues to how the monuments were built.

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A new study by Italian researchers has determined that two of the pyramids of Giza in Egypt, were conceived as a single project.
According to a report in Discovery News, it is widely believed that the pharaohs Khufu, his son Khafre and grandson Menkaure built their pyramids on the edge of a desert plateau at Giza between 2600 and 2450 BC.
But, according to Giulio Magli of the mathematics department at Milan's Polytechnic University, astronomical alignments and the landscape indicate that the two main pyramids, those identified with the tombs of Khufu and Khafre, were not built in different stages.

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In a potential blow to themed resorts from Vegas to Tokyo, Egypt is to pass a law requiring payment of royalties whenever its ancient monuments, from the pyramids to the sphinx, are reproduced.
Zahi Hawass, the charismatic and controversial head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, told AFP on Tuesday that the move was necessary to pay for the upkeep of the country's thousands of pharaonic sites.

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Egypt has refused to allow images of its Pyramids to be used on a Portuguese postal stamp featuring sites in a competition to name the new seven wonders of the world.

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Pyramid builders
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We may soon have an answer to the age- old question of who were the Pyramid builders and how the whole enterprise of pyramid-building was planned and controlled.
When the Millennium Project was launched at Giza its aim was two-fold: to find out as much information as possible about the ancient settlement site at the foot of the pyramids for science and posterity, and to protect it from infringement by the expanding community of Nezlet Al-Siman. What has emerged seven years down the line is a huge and wide-ranging operation in which American, British, Dutch, Egyptian, Finnish, French, German, Japanese, Norwegian, Portuguese, Polish, Swedish and Turkish scholars are working in their specialised fields of expertise while, at the same time, supervising a field school -- four teams of students in total -- each led by an experienced excavator together with an qualified SCA inspector.

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The Great Pyramid of Giza, the sole surviving member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, stands today as the most massive puzzle in the history of civilization.
From the ancient Greeks to today's techno-geeks, many have asked this question: How was something this huge built with such precision? The entire 13-acre pile of limestone blocks, most weighing more than 2 tons, has sides no more than 8 inches out of alignment, says archaeologist John Romer, author of The Great Pyramid: Ancient Egypt Revisited, released in April. Its interior shafts, some hundreds of feet long, vary less than a few inches from being perfectly straight.
Now French architect Jean-Pierre Houdin has reopened this conversation with a controversial proposal that the giant tomb of the pharaoh Khufu (Cheops to the Greeks), who reigned from about 2589 B.C. to 2566 B.C., was built from the inside out with the use of internal ramps.

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It was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and the only one of them to remain standing today.
Yet the story of how the Great Pyramid of Giza was actually built has remained a mystery for more than four millennia - until, perhaps, now.
A French architect believes he has finally solved one of the most puzzling construction problems in history by working out how the ancient Egyptians built such a massive structure without the benefit of iron tools, pulleys or wheels.
In Paris tomorrow, Jean-Pierre Houdin will unveil the fruits of eight years' work by describing at a conference how the pyramid of the pharaoh Khufu was built from the inside out. He will propose that the Egyptians carried the building blocks up an internal ramp that formed a spiral tunnel within the structure's outer wall. These tunnels, he believes, must still exist today.
With the help of sophisticated computer software developed by the French company Dassault Systemes, M. Houdin has been able to reconstruct a three-dimensional simulation of how the great limestone and granite blocks of the pyramid were put together stone by stone.
The simulation shows the logic behind building such a pyramid from the inside out. M. Houdin even believes he has solved the mystery of the king's chamber - why it had five granite ceilings instead of one, and how these great granite blocks were lifted to such a height.

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