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Adam
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Scientists have created an ideal colleague - a robot that performs hundreds of repetitive experiments.
The robot, called Adam, is the first machine to have independently "discovered new scientific knowledge".
It has already identified the role of several genes in yeast cells, and is able to plan further experiments to test its own hypotheses.
The UK-based team that built Adam at Aberystwyth University describes the breakthrough in the journal Science.

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Autonomous military robots that will fight future wars must be programmed to live by a strict warrior code or the world risks untold atrocities at their steely hands.
The stark warning - which includes discussion of a Terminator-style scenario in which robots turn on their human masters - is issued in a hefty report funded by and prepared for the US Navy's high-tech and secretive Office of Naval Research.

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Robots are part of our cultural imagination, but a project by a group of students at Southampton Universitys School of Electronics and Computer Science may change the way we see and use robots. A fourth year group have developed a new low cost model for producing robots for as little as 24.
Dr Klaus-Peter Zauner, who teaches on the Biorobotics course, says that the students are given enormous freedom to develop projects, "In the first semester a group of five students came up with the idea of making a swarm of little robots a big challenge. Many researchers would like to have swarms of robots, but it is extremely expensive. Its not just the parts, the expense is really within the assembly of a robot."

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A Chinese farmer fascinated by technology has built himself 26 robots over the past 30 years.
Wu Yulu, 46, who has only a basic school education, designs the robots himself and builds them from scrap materials.

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Preston Thompson '12 and Ian Mason '12 huddled over a large table in Old Chapel Monday afternoon, getting last-minute bugs out of the little (but impressive) robot they built. Their robot, like those of their classmates, was about to perform in the final design challenge of their introduction to engineering class.
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Cliffbot
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Some of the most scientifically interesting sites on Mars are also some of the hardest to get to. Layered terrain exposed on the cliff faces of deep canyons. Gullies etched into the sides of ancient craters possible evidence of the presence of liquid water on modern-day Mars. These are some of the locales that scientists would like to explore.
But to the rovers that have been sent to Mars so far Sojourner, Spirit and Opportunity, and even the Mars Science Laboratory, slated for launch in 2009 at the earliest sites like these are inaccessible. Theyre simply too dangerous.
A group of engineers at NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif., is exploring a novel solution to that problem. Cliffbot is a small wheeled rover that works as part of a three-rover team.

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RE: Robots
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Robotic ants building homes on Mars?
Recent discoveries of water and Earth-like soil on Mars have set imaginations running wild that human beings may one day colonise the Red Planet. However, the first inhabitants might not be human in form at all, but rather swarms of tiny robots.

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An experiment has been taking place in Berkshire to see if robots are capable of intelligent thought.
Scientists at the University of Reading tested five machines to see if they could pass themselves off as humans in text-based conversations with people.

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A Queen's University professor is using lidar to help robotic arms catch satellites in space, enabling repairs.
Thousands of kilometres above the Earth, far higher than a space shuttle can fly, a valuable satellite can't work because it is spinning out of control, unable to point in the right direction.
It may have a broken part. It may have run out of gas.
Solar panels turn sunlight into electricity for its inner workings, but electricity can't fire the little thrusters that could straighten it out.

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Robotic suits named HAL, or "hybrid assistive limb," are shown by Yoshiyuki Sankai, a University of Tsukuba professor and new company Cyberdyne chief executive who designed HAL, explains during a press conference at the headquarters of Cyberdyne in Tsukuba, outside Tokyo, Tuesday, Oct. 7, 2008.

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