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Post Info TOPIC: SNR_HB9


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Title: Radio Spectrum and Distance of the SNR HB9
Authors: D.A. Leahy, W.W. Tian

New images are presented of the supernova remnant HB9 based on 408 MHz and 1420 MHz continuum emission and HI-line emission data of the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey by the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory. Two methods of spectral index analysis for HB9 are presented and compared: one removes compact sources at both frequencies but is limited to the resolution of the 408 MHz image; the other removes compact sources only in the 1420 MHz image so is effective at higher spatial resolution. The second allows more detailed spectral index variation studies than the first. The two T-T plot methods and new integrated flux densities give spectral index (S_\nu\propto\nu^-\alpha) for the whole of HB9 of 0.4840.032; 0.485; and 0.470.06, respectively. These are lower than previous spectral index for HB9 (\alpha=0.61). Spatial variations of spectral index are derived using the second method and yield a lower spectral index for interior regions than for the rim. This can be explained by a standard curved interstellar electron energy spectrum combined with lower interior magnetic field compared to that near the outer shock, which results in a larger proportion of steep spectrum emission for lines-of-sight through the central body of the SNR. HI observations show structures probably associated with the SNR in the radial velocity range -5 to -8 km/s and suggest a distance of 0.90.2 kpc for the SNR. This is consistent with the distance to the radio pulsar 0458+46, offset from the centre of HB9 by 23^\prime. However the pulsar spindown and kinematic ages are significantly greater than estimates of the SNR age: the Sedov age for HB9 is about 9 kyr and the evaporative cloud model yields ages of 4-10 kyr.

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