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Post Info TOPIC: IC348 cluster


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Posts: 131433
Date:
V718 Per
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Title: The unusual pre-main-sequence star V718 Per (HMW 15)
Authors: V. Grinin, H. C. Stempels, G. F. Gahm, S. Sergeev, A. Arkharov, O. Barsunova, L. Tambovtseva

The remarkable pre-main-sequence object V718 Per (HMW 15, H187) in the young cluster IC 348 periodically undergoes long-lasting eclipses caused by variable amounts of circumstellar dust in the line-of-sight to the star. It has been speculated that the star is a close binary and similar to another unusual eclipsing object, KH 15D. We have submitted V718 Per to a detailed photometric and spectroscopic study to find out more about the properties of the stellar object and the occulting circumstellar material, and to look for signatures of a possible binary component. Our photometric data show that the eclipses are very symmetric and persistent, and that the extinction deviates only little from what is expected for normal interstellar material. The spectroscopic data, obtained at minimum as well as at maximum brightness, indicate a primordial abundance of Li and a surface effective temperature of about 5200 K. Remarkably, the in-eclipse spectrum shows a significant broadening of the photospheric absorption lines, as well as a weak increase in emission components of H-alpha and the Ca II IR triplet. We did not detect any atomic or molecular features from to the occulting body in the in-eclipse spectrum. We also found no evidence of radial velocity changes in V718 Per to within about 80 m/s, which for an edge-on system corresponds to a maximum companion mass of 6 Jupiter masses. Our observations suggest that V718 Per is a single star, and thus very different from KH 15D. We conclude that V718 Per is surrounded by an edge-on circumstellar disk with an irregular mass distribution orbiting at a distance of 3.3 AU from the star, presumably at the inner disk edge. We ascribe the broadening of photospheric absorption lines during the eclipse to forward scattering of stellar light in the circumstellar dust feature.

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Posts: 131433
Date:
IC348 cluster
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Title: Star formation in the vicinity of the IC 348 cluster
Authors: M. Tafalla, M. S. N. Kumar, R. Bachiller

Aims: We present molecular line observations of the southwestern part of the IC 348 young cluster, and we use them together with NIR and mm continuum data to determine the distribution of dense gas, search for molecular outflows, and analyse the ongoing star formation activity in the region. Methods. Our molecular line data consists of C18O(1--0) and N2H+(1--0) maps obtained with the FCRAO telescope at a resolution of about 50'' and CO(2--1) data obtained with the IRAM 30m telescope at a resolution of 11''.
Results: The dense gas southwest of IC 348 is concentrated in two groups of dense cores, each of them with a few solar masses of material and indications of CO depletion at high density. One of the core groups is actively forming stars, while the other seems starless. There is evidence for at least three bipolar molecular outflows in the region, two of them powered by previously identified Class 0 sources, while the other one is powered by a still not well characterized low-luminosity object. The ongoing star formation activity is producing a small stellar subgroup in the cluster. Using the observed core characteristics and the star formation rate in the cluster we propose that that similar episodes of stellar birth may have produced the subclustering observed in the halo of IC 348.

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