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EPIC 210894022b

Title: EPIC 210894022b - A short period super-Earth transiting a metal poor, evolved old star
Author: Malcolm Fridlund, Eric Gaidos, Oscar Barragán, Carina M. Persson, Davide Gandolfi, Juan Cabrera, Teruyuki Hirano, Masayuki Kuzuhara, Sz. Csizmadia, Grzegorz Nowak, Michael Endl, Sascha Grziwa, Judith Korth, Jeremias Pfaff, Bertram Bitsch, Anders Johansen, Alexander J. Mustill, Melvyn B. Davies, Hans Deeg, Enric Palle, William D. Cochran, Philipp Eigmüller, Anders Erikson, Eike Guenther, Artie P. Hatzes, Amanda Kiilerich, Tomoyuki Kudo, Phillip MacQueen, Norio Narita, David Nespral, Martin Pätzold, Jorge Prieto-Arranz, Heike Rauer, Vincent Van Eylen

The star EPIC 210894022 has been identified from a light curve acquired through the K2 space mission as possibly orbited by a transiting planet. Our aim is to confirm the planetary nature of the object and derive its fundamental parameters. We combine the K2 photometry with reconnaissance spectroscopy and radial velocity (RV) measurements obtained using three separate telescope and spectrograph combinations. The spectroscopic synthesis package SME has been used to derive the stellar photospheric parameters that were used as input to various stellar evolutionary tracks in order to derive the parameters of the system. The planetary transit was also validated to occur on the assumed host star through adaptive imaging and statistical analysis. The star is found to be located in the background of the Hyades cluster at a distance at least 4 times further away from Earth than the cluster itself. The spectrum and the space velocities of EPIC 210894022 strongly suggest it to be a member of the thick disk population. We find that the star is a metal poor ([Fe/H]=-0.53±0.05 dex) and alpha-rich somewhat evolved solar-like object of spectral type G3 with Teff=5730±50 K, logg=4.15±0.1 (cgs), radius of 1.3±0.1 R_Sun, and mass of 0.88±0.02 M_Sun. The RV detection together with the imaging confirms with a high level of significance that the transit signature is caused by a super-Earth orbiting the star EPIC 210894022. We measure a mass of 8.6±3.9 M_Earth and a radius of 1.9±0.2 R_Earth. A second more massive object with a period longer than about 120 days is indicated by a long term linear acceleration. With an age of > 10 Gyrs this system is one of the oldest where planets is hitherto detected. Further studies of this planetary system is important since it contains information about the planetary formation process during a very early epoch of the history of our Galaxy.

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