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Post Info TOPIC: Asteroid (433) Eros


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RE: Asteroid (433) Eros
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The Moon occults asteroid (433) Eros at 15:00 UT, 14th March 2018.

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Title: The Surface Roughness of (433) Eros as Measured by Thermal-Infrared Beaming
Author: Ben Rozitis

In planetary science, surface roughness is regarded to be a measure of surface irregularity at small spatial scales, and causes the thermal-infrared beaming effect (i.e. re-radiation of absorbed sunlight back towards to the Sun). Typically, surface roughness exhibits a degeneracy with thermal inertia when thermophysical models are fitted to disc-integrated thermal-infrared observations of asteroids because of this effect. In this work, it is demonstrated how surface roughness can be constrained for near-Earth asteroid (433) Eros (i.e. the target of NASA's NEAR Shoemaker mission) when using the Advanced Thermophysical Model with thermal-infrared observations taken during an "almost pole-on" illumination and viewing geometry. It is found that the surface roughness of (433) Eros is characterised by an RMS slope of 38 8 at the 0.5-cm spatial scale associated with its thermal-infrared beaming effect. This is slightly greater than the RMS slope of 25 5 implied by the NEAR Shoemaker laser ranging results when extrapolated to this spatial scale, and indicates that other surface shaping processes might operate, in addition to collisions and gravity, at spatial scales under one metre in order to make asteroid surfaces rougher. For other high obliquity asteroids observed during "pole-on" illumination conditions, the thermal-infrared beaming effect allows surface roughness to be constrained when the sub-solar latitude is greater than 60, and if the asteroids are observed at phase angles of less than 40. They will likely exhibit NEATM beaming parameters that are lower than expected for a typical asteroid at all phase angles up to 100.

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Asteroid (433) Eros is occulted by the Moon on the 27th November 2014

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Asteroid (433) Eros is at opposition on the 29th June 2014

Magnitude: 12.0
Distance to Sun: 1.73 AU
Distance to Earth: 0.72 AU



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Asteroid (433) Eros makes its closest approach to the Earth (0.720 AU) on the 24th June 2014



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Asteroid (433) Eros will occult 7.8 mag star HD 118411 in the constellation Virgo at 11:59 UT, 12th December 2013

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