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Post Info TOPIC: Sun 19.07.12


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RE: Sun 19.07.12
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Title: Differential emission measure Analysis of a limb solar flare on 2012 July 19
Author: J. Q. Sun, X. Cheng, M. D. Ding

We perform Differential Emission Measure (DEM) analysis of an M7.7 flare that occurred on 2012 July 19 and was well observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamic Observatory. Using the observational data with unprecedented high temporal and spatial resolution from six AIA coronal passbands, we calculate the DEM of the flare and derive the time series of maps of DEM-weighted temperature and emission measure (EM). It is found that, during the flare, the highest EM region is located in the flare loop top with a value varying between 8.4 10^28 cm^-5 and 2.5 10^30 cm^-5. The temperature there rises from 8 MK at about 04:40 UT (the initial rise phase) to a maximum value of 13 MK at about 05:20 UT (the hard X-ray peak). Moreover, we find a hot region that is above the flare loop top with a temperature even up to 16 MK. We also analyze the DEM properties of the reconnection site. The temperature and density there are not as high as that in the loop top and the flux rope, indicating that the main heating may not take place inside the reconnection site. In the end, we examine the dynamic behaviour of the flare loops. Along the flare loop, both the temperature and the EM are the highest in the loop top and gradually decrease towards the footpoints. In the northern footpoint, an upward force appears with a biggest value in the impulsive phase, which we conjecture originates from chromospheric evaporation.

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Sun Sends Out Mid-Level Solar Flare

A coronal mass ejection (CME) was also associated with the July 19, 2012 flare. A CME is another solar phenomenon that can send solar particles into space and can reach Earth one to three days later, affecting electronic systems in satellites and on the ground. Initial NASA research models show that this CME is not headed toward Earth, but could impact STEREO-A.
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Sunspot captured with a 100mm refractor + Vesta pro webcam.



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