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Abell 1300

Title: In the Whirlpool's coils: tracing substructure from combined optical/X-ray data in the galaxy cluster A1300
Authors: F. Ziparo, F.G. Braglia, D. Pierini, A. Finoguenov, H. Boehringer, A. Bongiorno

Structure formation is thought to act via hierarchical mergers and accretion of smaller systems driven by gravity with dark matter dominating the gravitational field. Combining X-ray and optical imaging and spectroscopy provides a powerful approach to the study of the cluster dynamics and mass assembly history. The REFLEX-DXL sample contains the most X-ray luminous galaxy clusters (L_X > 10^45 erg/s) from the REFLEX survey at z = 0.27-0.31. We present the photometric (WFI) and spectroscopic (VIMOS) data for the DXL cluster RXCJ1131.9-1955 (Abell 1300); in combination with the existing X-ray data we determine and characterise the substructure of this post-merging system. We analyse X-ray selected groups in a 30' x 30' region encompassing the cluster in order to study the mass assembly of A1300. The X-ray surface brightness map of A1300 appears disturbed and exhibits the signature of a forward shock, which is consistent with a previous analysis of radio data. Moreover, we detect a large scale-filament in which the cluster is embedded and several infalling groups. Comparison of the whirlpool-like features in the entropy pseudo-map of the intra-cluster medium with the distribution of the cluster members reveals a direct correspondence between the ICM structure and the galaxy distribution. Moreover, comparison with existing simulations allows us to better understand the dynamics of the cluster progenitors and to age date their impact. A1300 is a complex massive system in which a major merging occurred about 3 Gyr ago and additional minor merging events happen at different times via filaments, that will lead to an increase of the cluster mass of up to 60% in the next Gyr.

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