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 1783 Icelandic Volcanic Eruption

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Icelandic volcanic eruption 1783

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Iceland's Laki Volcano 1783

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Laki or Lakagígar (Craters of Laki) is a volcanic fissure situated in the south of Iceland.
On 8 June 1783, a fissure with 130 craters opened with phreatomagmatic explosions because of the groundwater interacting with the rising basalt magma. Over a few days the eruptions became less explosive, Strombolian, and later Hawaiian in character, with high rates of lava effusion. This event is rated as VEI 6 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, but the eight month emission of sulfuric aerosols resulted in one of the most important climatic and socially repercussive events of the last millennium.

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