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Post Info TOPIC: Sun 06.12.10


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RE: Sun 06.12.10
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Title: Rotating Motions and Modelling of the Erupting Solar Polar Crown Prominence on 2010 December 6
Authors: Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen

A large polar-crown prominence composed of different segments spanning nearly the entire solar disk erupted on 2010 December 6. Prior to the eruption, the filament in the active region part splits into two layers: a lower layer and an elevated layer. The eruption occurs in several episodes. Around 14:12 UT, the lower layer of the active region filament breaks apart, one part ejects towards the west, while the other part ejects towards the east, which leads to the explosive eruption of the eastern quiescent filament. During the early rise phase, part of the quiescent filament sheet displays strong rolling motion (observed by STEREO B) in the clockwise direction (views from east to west) around the filament axis. This rolling motion appears to start from the border of the active region, then propagates towards the east. AIA observes another type of rotating motion: in some other parts of the erupting quiescent prominence the vertical threads turn horizontal, then turn upside down. The elevated active region filament does not erupt until 18:00 UT, when the erupting quiescent filament already reaches a very large height. We develop two simplified three-dimensional models which qualitatively reproduce the observed rolling and rotating motions. The prominence in the models is assumed to consist of a collection of discrete blobs that are tied to particular field lines of a helical flux rope. The observed rolling motion is reproduced by continuous twist injection into the flux rope in Model 1 from the active region side. Asymmetric reconnection induced by the asymmetric distribution of the magnetic fields on the two sides of the filament may cause the observed rolling motion. The rotating motion of the prominence threads observed by AIA is consistent with the removal of the field line dips in Model 2 from the top down during the eruption.

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The Solar Dynamics Observatory has observed a large prominence on the Sun.
Sun0612101957Bb.jpg
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Credit SDO


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