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Post Info TOPIC: Dengfeng Observatory


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RE: Dengfeng Observatory
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Shaolin Temple, the famed 1500-year-old cradle of Chinese  Kung Fu and Zen Buddhism, is just one of the 11 ancient historical sites in Dengfeng of Henan Province added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage sites during its 34th session in Brazil Sunday morning (Beijing Time).
Among those listed is the Dengfeng Observatory, China's oldest and best preserved. Dating back to 13th century, the structure contains the remains of an astronomical observatory built in 1037 BC by the Duke of Zhou.

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First built in the Yuan Dynasty, Dengfeng Observatory is located in Gaocheng Town, Dengfeng City, Henan Province.
The front and rear courtyards of the Observatory consist of seven parts including the screen wall, the gate, Flower Gate (chuihuamen), Duke of Zhou's Sundial, the Main Hall, the observatory, Zhongsi Hall. Over ten kinds of astronomic instruments are copied and set up in the courtyards.
So far, the extant Observatory is one of the earliest and best-preserved astronomic structures not only in China and but in the world as a whole.

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Gaocheng Observatory, about eight miles from Dengfeng, is the oldest facility of its kind in China. The observatory dates to the early portion of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 AD). It was designed originally for use in predicting the time of the solstice each year. Astronomers at the site were able to calculate the actual length of the year to 365.2425 days some 300 years before Europeans managed to develop the Gregorian calendar.
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