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Post Info TOPIC: Pentaquark


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RE: Pentaquark

Hadron Collider discovers new particle

Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider have announced the discovery of a new particle called the pentaquark.
It was first predicted to exist in the 1960s but, much like the Higgs boson particle before it, the pentaquark eluded science for decades until its detection at the LHC. The discovery, which amounts to a new form of matter, was made by the Hadron Collider's LHCb experiment.

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Penta-quark states

Title: Penta-quark states with hidden charm and beauty
Authors: Bing-Song Zou

More and more hadron states are found to be difficult to be accommodated by the quenched quark models which describe baryons as 3-quark states and mesons as antiquark-quark states. Dragging out an antiquark-quark pair from the gluon field in hadrons should be an important excitation mechanism for hadron spectroscopy. Our recent progress on the penta-quark states with hidden charm and beauty is reviewed.

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New, higher precision data gathered at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) shows the Theta-plus pentaquark doesn't appear in another place it was expected.

This intriguing finding contradicts evidence previously presented by Jefferson Lab researchers that they had sighted a pentaquark, a particle built of five quarks.
Volker Burkert, a Jefferson Lab Experimental Hall Leader, presented this preliminary result in a talk reviewing world pentaquark data at Lepton-Photon, the XXII International Symposium on Lepton-Photon Interactions at High Energy, in Uppsala, Sweden, on Friday, July 1.

The result comes from a very carefully crafted experiment that was designed to repeat Jefferson Lab's original pentaquark search with a factor of ten higher statistics.

Researchers in Jefferson Lab's CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) collaboration took data with a high-energy photon beam on a deuterium target March 13 May 16, 2004.

Deuterium is an isotope of hydrogen with one proton and one neutron in its nucleus. An earlier probe of this same region by CLAS revealed a possible signal for a pentaquark with mass 1542 MeV.

The new experiment searched for pentaquarks in this same channel at a level of precision at least 10 times higher, or one order of magnitude better, than the previous published result and found no pentaquarks.

"The earlier results on the Theta-plus can not be reproduced in the analysis of the high-statistics run" - Volker Burkert.

Faced with this result, the collaboration re-analyzed the data from the original experiment, taking into account a new understanding of the background obtained from the recent run and improved statistical analysis software.
The re-analysis revealed a much weaker signal for the pentaquark in the original experiment.

"One of the problems with the first pentaquark finding is that we didn't completely understand the background. The statistical significance stated in the earlier result is likely due to a combination of statistical fluctuation with an underestimate of the background. We eliminated that problem with the second, higher-statistics run and a more rigorous analysis" - Volker Burkert

The first pentaquark sighting was announced by SPring-8 researchers in the spring of 2003, and the same year, Jefferson Lab, ITEP and ELSA researchers announced that they, too, may have spotted tantalizing hints of the particle in data previously taken in other experiments.
Several experiments since then have backed up these early sightings, while others have failed to confirm them. Jefferson Lab researchers are currently in the midst of several dedicated hunts for the pentaquark.

Most ordinary matter is built of quarks. They're usually found in twos (as particles called mesons) and threes (as particles called baryons, such as protons and neutrons). While the pentaquark's five-quark configuration is not forbidden by the theory of the strong interaction, finding one would be the first sighting of an exotic baryon.

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