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Mapungubwe
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The Ancient City of Mapungubwe

Mapungubwe hill is 300 m long, broad at one end, tapering at the other. It is only accessible by means of two very steep and narrow paths which twist their way to the summit, and yet 2 000 tons of soil had been artificially transported to the very top by a prehistoric people of unknown identity.
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The site of the city is now a World Heritage Site, national park, and archaeological site. Mapungubwe means "place where jackals eat", derived from phunguwe (Venda for jackal), as the hill was littered with human bones which attracted these scavengers. It is a sandstone hill, with vertical cliffs about 30 metres high and a plateaued top approximately 300 m in length. There was a natural amphitheatre at the bottom of Mapungubwe Hill where the royal court was likely held. However, the king actually lived inside a stone enclosure on a hill above the court.
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