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Title: Large-area [Fe II] Line Mapping of the Supernova Remnant IC443 with the IRSF/SIRIUS
Authors: Takuma Kokusho, Takahiro Nagayama, Hidehiro Kaneda, Daisuke Ishihara, Ho-Gyu Lee, Takashi Onaka

We present the result of near-infrared (near-IR) [Fe II] line mapping of the supernova remnant IC443 with the IRSF/SIRIUS, using the two narrow-band filters tuned for the [Fe II] 1.257 micron and [Fe II] 1.644 micron lines. Covering a large area of 30' x 35', our observations reveal that [Fe II] filamentary structures exist all over the remnant, not only in an ionic shock shell, but also in a molecular shock shell and a central region inside the shells. With the two [Fe II] lines, we performed corrections for dust extinction to derive the intrinsic line intensities. We also obtained the intensities of thermal emission from the warm dust associated with IC443, using the far- and mid-IR images taken with AKARI and Spitzer, respectively. As a result, we find that the [Fe II] line emission relative to the dust emission notably enhances in the inner central region. We discuss causes of the enhanced [Fe II] line emission, estimating the Fe+ and dust masses.

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Title: The 7Li/6Li Isotope Ratio Near the Supernova Remnant IC 443
Authors: C. J. Taylor, A. M. Ritchey, S. R. Federman, D. L. Lambert

We present an analysis of 7Li/6Li isotope ratios along four sight lines that probe diffuse molecular gas near the supernova remnant IC 443. Recent gamma-ray observations have revealed the presence of shock-accelerated cosmic rays interacting with the molecular cloud surrounding the remnant. Our results indicate that the 7Li/6Li ratio is lower in regions more strongly affected by these interactions, a sign of recent Li production by cosmic rays. We find that 7Li/6Li ~ 7 toward HD 254755, which is located just outside the visible edge of IC 443, while 7Li/6Li ~ 3 along the line of sight to HD 43582, which probes the interior region of the supernova remnant. No evidence of 7Li synthesis by neutrino-induced spallation is found in material presumably contaminated by the ejecta of a core-collapse supernova. The lack of a neutrino signature in the 7Li/6Li ratios near IC 443 is consistent with recent models of Galactic chemical evolution, which suggest that the nu-process plays only a minor role in Li production.

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Title: Identification of Ambient Molecular Clouds Associated with Galactic Supernova Remnant IC443
Authors: Jae-Joon Lee, Bon-Chul Koo, Ronald L. Snell, Min S. Yun, Mark H. Heyer, Michael G. Burton

The Galactic supernova remnant (SNR) IC443 is one of the most studied core-collapse SNRs for its interaction with molecular clouds. However, the ambient molecular clouds with which IC443 is interacting have not been thoroughly studied and remain poorly understood. Using Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory 14m telescope, we obtained fully sampled maps of ~ 1 x 1 region toward IC443 in the 12CO J=1-0 and HCO+ J=1-0 lines. In addition to the previously known molecular clouds in the velocity range v_lsr = -6 to -1 km/s (-3 km/s clouds), our observations reveal two new ambient molecular cloud components: small (~ 1') bright clouds in v_lsr = -8 to -3 km/s (SCs), and diffuse clouds in v_lsr = +3 to +10 km/s (+5 km/s clouds). Our data also reveal the detailed kinematics of the shocked molecular gas in IC443, however the focus of this paper is the physical relationship between the shocked clumps and the ambient cloud components. We find strong evidence that the SCs are associated with the shocked clumps. This is supported by the positional coincidence of the SCs with shocked clumps and other tracers of shocks. Furthermore, the kinematic features of some shocked clumps suggest that these are the ablated material from the SCs upon the impact of the SNR shock. The SCs are interpreted as dense cores of parental molecular clouds that survived the destruction by the pre-supernova evolution of the progenitor star or its nearby stars. We propose that the expanding SNR shock is now impacting some of the remaining cores and the gas is being ablated and accelerated producing the shocked molecular gas. The morphology of the +5 km/s clouds suggests an association with IC443. On the other hand, the -3 km/s clouds show no evidence for interaction.

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WISE Sees an Explosion of Infrared Light

A circular rainbow appears like a halo around an exploded star in this new view of the IC 443 nebula from NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE.
When massive stars die, they explode in tremendous blasts, called supernovae, which send out shock waves. The shock waves sweep up and heat surrounding gas and dust, creating supernova remnants like the one pictured here. The supernova in IC 443 happened somewhere between 5,000 and 10,000 years ago.
In this WISE image, infrared light has been colour-coded to reveal what our eyes cannot see. The colours differ primarily because materials surrounding the supernova remnant vary in density. When the shock waves hit these materials, different gases were triggered to release a mix of infrared wavelengths.

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IC 443
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The glowing embers left behind by one of the most powerful type of explosions in the Universe have been revealed for the first time.
Remnants from giant fireballs unleashed by a supernova are still glowing at temperatures 10,000 times hotter than the Sun thousands of years after the event.
They were captured by the Japanese Suzaku space observatory, after unusual features were detected in the Jellyfish Nebula (IC 443), 5,000 light years away.

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