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Title: Planet-Induced Emission Enhancements in HD 179949: Results from McDonald Observations
Authors: F. Salgado, O. Berne, J. D. Adams, T. L. Herter, G. Gull, J. Schoenwald, L. D. Keller, J. M. De Buizer, W. D. Vacca, E. E. Becklin, R. Y. Shuping, A. G. G. M., Tielens, H. Zinnecker

We monitored the Ca II H and K lines of HD 179949, a notable star in the southern hemisphere, to observe and confirm previously identified planet induced emission (PIE) as an effect of star-planet interaction. We obtained high resolution spectra (R ~ 53,000) with a signal-to-noise ratio S/N >~ 50 in the Ca II H and K cores during 10 nights of observation at the McDonald Observatory. Wide band echelle spectra were taken using the 2.7 m telescope. Detailed statistical analysis of Ca II K revealed fluctuations in the Ca II K core attributable to planet induced chromospheric emission. This result is consistent with previous studies by Shkolnik et al. (2003). Additionally, we were able to confirm the reality and temporal evolution of the phase shift of the maximum of star-planet interaction previously found. However, no identifiable fluctuations were detected in the Ca II H core. The Al I lambda 3944 A line was also monitored to gauge if the expected activity enhancements are confined to the chromospheric layer. Our observations revealed some variability, which is apparently unassociated with planet induced activity.

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Title: HD 179949b: A Close Orbiting Extrasolar Giant Planet with a stratosphere?
Authors: J.R. Barnes, Travis S. Barman, H.R.A. Jones, C.J. Leigh, A. Collier Cameron, R.J. Barber, D.J. Pinfield

We have carried out a search for the 2.14 micron spectroscopic signature of the close orbiting extrasolar giant planet, HD 179949b. High cadence time series spectra were obtained with the CRIRES spectrograph at VLT1 on two closely separated nights. Deconvolution yielded spectroscopic profiles with mean S/N ratios of several thousand, enabling the near infrared contrast ratios predicted for the HD 179949 system to be achieved.
Recent models have predicted that the hottest planets may exhibit spectral signatures in emission due to the presence of TiO and VO which may be responsible for a temperature inversion high in the atmosphere. We have used our phase dependent orbital model and tomographic techniques to search for the planetary signature under the assumption of an absorption line dominated atmospheric spectrum, where T and V are depleted from the atmospheric model, and an emission line dominated spectrum, where TiO and VO are present.
We do not detect a planet in either case, but the 2.120 - 2.174 micron wavelength region covered by our observations enables the deepest near infrared limits yet to be placed on the planet/star contrast ratio of any close orbiting extrasolar giant planet system. We are able to rule out the presence of an atmosphere dominated by absorption opacities in the case of HD 179949b at a contrast ratio of F_p/F_* ~ 1/3350, with 99 per cent confidence.

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