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RE: PSR J1119-6127
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ATel 9870: Magnetar-like Spectral Index Flattening of the High Magnetic Field Pulsar PSR J1119- 6127



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Title: Deep X-ray Observations of the Young High-Magnetic-Field Radio Pulsar J1119-6127 and Supernova Remnant G292.2-0.5
Authors: C.-Y. Ng, V. M. Kaspi, W. C. G. Ho, P. Weltevrede, S. Bogdanov, R. Shannon, M. E. Gonzalez

High-magnetic-field radio pulsars are important transition objects for understanding the connection between magnetars and conventional radio pulsars. We present a detailed study of the young radio pulsar J1119-6127, which has a characteristic age of 1900yr and a spin-down-inferred magnetic field of 4.1e13G, and its associated supernova remnant G292.2-0.5, using deep XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray Observatory exposures of over 120ks from each telescope. The pulsar emission shows strong modulation below 2.5keV, with a single-peaked profile and a large pulsed fraction of 0.480.12. Employing a magnetic, partially ionised hydrogen atmosphere model, we find that the observed pulse profile can be produced by a single hot spot of temperature 0.13keV covering about one third of the stellar surface, and we place an upper limit of 0.08keV for an antipodal hot spot with the same area. The nonuniform surface temperature distribution could be the result of anisotropic heat conduction under a strong magnetic field, and a single-peaked profile seems common among high-B radio pulsars. For the associated remnant G292.2-0.5, its large diameter could be attributed to fast expansion in a low-density wind cavity, likely formed by a Wolf-Rayet progenitor, similar to two other high-B radio pulsars.

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G292.2-0.5
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Title: Chandra and XMM-Newton studies of the supernova remnant G292.2-0.5 associated with the pulsar J1119-6127
Authors: Harsha S. Kumar, Samar Safi-Harb, Marjorie Gonzalez

We present the first detailed imaging and spatially resolved spectroscopic study of the Galactic supernova remnant G292.2-0.5, associated with the high-magnetic field radio pulsar J1119-6127, using Chandra and XMM-Newton. The high-resolution X-ray images reveal a partially limb-brightened morphology in the west, with diffuse emission concentrated towards the interior of the remnant unlike the complete shell-like morphology observed at radio wavelengths. The spectra of most of the diffuse emission regions within the remnant are best described by a thermal+non-thermal model. The thermal component is described by a plane-parallel, non-equilibrium ionisation plasma model with a temperature ranging from 1.3 keV in the western side of the remnant to 2.3 keV in the east, a column density increasing from 1.0e22 cm^-2 in the west to 1.8e22 cm^-2 in the east, and a low ionisation timescale ranging from 5.7e9 cm^-3 s in the SNR interior to 3.6e10 cm^-3 s in the western side - suggestive of expansion of a young remnant in a low-density medium. The spatial and spectral differences across the SNR are consistent with the presence of a dark cloud in the eastern part of the SNR, absorbing the soft X-ray emission. The spectra from some of the regions also show slightly enhanced metal abundances from Ne, Mg and Si, hinting at the first evidence for ejecta heated by the reverse shock. Comparing our inferred metal abundances to core-collapse nucleosynthesis models yields, we estimate a high progenitor mass of ~30 solar mass suggesting a type Ib/c supernova. We confirm the presence of non-thermal hard X-ray emission from regions close to the pulsar. We estimate an SNR age range between 4.2 kyr (free expansion phase) and 7.1 kyr (Sedov phase), a factor of a few higher than the measured pulsar's age upper limit of 1.9 kyr.

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PSR J1119-6127
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Title: Observations of Energetic High Magnetic Field Pulsars with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
Authors: D. Parent, M. Kerr, P. R. Den Hartog, M. G. Baring, M. E. DeCesar, C. M. Espinoza, E. V. Gotthelf, A. K. Harding, S. Johnston, V. M. Kaspi, M. Livingstone, R. W. Romani, B. W. Stappers, K. Watters, P. Weltevrede, A. A. Abdo, M. Burgay, F. Camilo, H. A. Craig, P. C. C. Freire, F. Giordano, L. Guillemot, G. Hobbs, M. Keith, M. Kramer, A. G. Lyne, R. N. Manchester, A. Noutsos, A. Possenti, D. A. Smith

We report the detection of gamma-ray pulsations from the high-magnetic-field rotation-powered pulsar PSR J1119-6127 using data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope. The gamma-ray light curve of PSR J1119-6127 shows a single, wide peak offset from the radio peak by 0.43 0.02 in phase. Spectral analysis suggests a power law of index 1.0 0.3 with an energy cut-off at 0.8 0.2 GeV. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We discuss the emission models of PSR J1119-6127 and demonstrate that despite the object's high surface magnetic field---near that of magnetars---the field strength and structure in the gamma-ray emitting zone are apparently similar to those of typical young pulsars. Additionally, we present upper limits on the \gam-ray pulsed emission for the magnetically active PSR J1846-0258 in the supernova remnant Kesteven 75 and two other energetic high-B pulsars, PSRs J1718-3718 and J1734-3333. We explore possible explanations for the non-detection of these three objects, including peculiarities in their emission geometry.

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Title: Using Chandra to Unveil the High-Energy Properties of the High-Magnetic Field Radio Pulsar J1119-6127
Authors: Samar Safi-Harb, Harsha S. Kumar

PSR J1119-6127 is a high magnetic field (B=4.1E13 Gauss), young (<=1,700 year-old), and slow (P=408 ms) radio pulsar associated with the supernova remnant (SNR) G292.2-0.5. In 2003, Chandra allowed the detection of the X-ray counterpart of the radio pulsar, and provided the first evidence for a compact pulsar wind nebula (PWN). We here present new Chandra observations which allowed for the first time an imaging and spectroscopic study of the pulsar and PWN independently of each other. The PWN is only evident in the hard band and consists of jet-like structures extending to at least 7" from the pulsar, with the southern `jet' being longer than the northern `jet'. The spectrum of the PWN is described by a power law with a photon index~1.1 for the compact PWN and ~1.4 for the southern long jet (at a fixed column density of 1.8E22/cm2), and a total luminosity of 4E32 ergs/s (0.5-7 keV), at a distance of 8.4 kpc. The pulsar's spectrum is clearly softer than the PWN's spectrum. We rule out a single blackbody model for the pulsar, and present the first evidence of non-thermal (presumably magnetospheric) emission that dominates above ~3keV. A two-component model consisting of a power law component (with photon index ~1.5--2.0) plus a thermal component provides the best fit. The thermal component can be fit by either a blackbody model with a temperature kT~0.21 keV, or a neutron star atmospheric model with a temperature kT~0.14 keV. The efficiency of the pulsar in converting its rotational power, Edot, into non-thermal X-ray emission from the pulsar and PWN is ~5E-4, comparable to other rotation-powered pulsars with a similar Edot. We discuss our results in the context of the X-ray manifestation of high-magnetic field radio pulsars in comparison with rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars.

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