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Post Info TOPIC: Tibesti Volcanoe


L

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RE: Tibesti Volcanoe
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The Tibesti Mountain Range in northern Chad is one of the world’s least-studied volcanic regions.
One of the Tibesti Mountain’s features is Tarso Toussidé Volcano. This image is a composite of images acquired by NASA’s Landsat satellite on January 22, 2001, and February 1, 2000.
East of Pic Topussidé are two calderas, the southern one bearing a white splotch roughly 2 kilometres long. This white colour could result from salt. Water pooling in the caldera would not have an outlet, and as the water evaporated, minerals such as salt would be left behind.

Tarso Tousside Volcano, Northern Chad
Tarso Tousside
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Credit: NASA

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Two volcanoes in the Tibesti Range Mountains in northern Chad exhibit dramatically different surface characteristics in a topographic image. The difference in their appearance is due to their relative ages and eruptive history. The composite image was captured by NASA's Terra satellite on January 17, 2005, and January 20, 2006. Elevation ranges from 500 to 3,300 metres in shades of tan to dark brown.

Tibesti
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Credit: NASA/USGS

Latitude: 21.0N, Longitude: 17.30E

The large volcano on the left, Tarso Toussidé, erupted violently during the Quaternary Period, the geologic age spanning the most recent 1.8 million years of Earth's history. The eruption blanketed the surrounding area with volcanic tephra, which is unconsolidated (loosely packed) pulverised rock, volcanic glass fragments, and ash. Typically, tephra erodes more quickly than consolidated volcanic rocks such as tuff or hardened lava; therefore, the smooth appearance of the area suggests relatively recent activity. During the eruptions, the high walls of the volcano collapsed to form two overlapping calderas. Even younger than these features is Pic Toussidé, a steep lava dome that erupted on the western side of the larger caldera.
In contrast to the smoothly blanketed landscape of Tarso Toussidé, the rugged landscape of Tarso Abeki, to the east, indicates that this volcano was inactive during the Quaternary. Here, erosion has been at work for millions of years. Water-carved canyons radiating away from Abeki's summit have degraded the volcano’s slopes. These rugged slopes may also suggest a wetter past for northern Chad.
The Tibesti Mountains are one of the most significant and perhaps least-studied intra-continental volcanic regions of the world.

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