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RE: Calcium K filters
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The Sun captured in ultraviolet light with a small 113mm reflector and ND 3.8 Solar filter with UV-pass filter at ~ 380 nm.



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Title: The wings of Ca II H and K as photospheric diagnostics and the reliability of one-dimensional photosphere modelling
Authors: V. A. Sheminova

The extended wings of the Ca II H and K lines provide excellent diagnostics of the temperature stratification of the photosphere of the Sun and of other cool stars, thanks to their LTE opacities and source functions and their large span in formation height. The aim of this study is to calibrate the usage of the H and K wings in one-dimensional interpretation of spatially averaged spectra and in deriving per-pixel stratifications from resolved spectra. I use multi-dimensional simulations of solar convection to synthesize the H and K wings, derive one-dimensional models from these wings as if they were observed, and compare the resulting models to the actual simulation input. I find that spatially-averaged models constructed from the synthesized wings generally match the simulation averages well, except for the deepest layers of the photosphere where large thermal inhomogeneities and Planck-function nonlinearity gives large errors. The larger the inhomogeneity, the larger the latter. The presence of strong network fields increases such inhomogeneity. For quiet photospheric conditions the temperature excesses reach about 200 K. One-dimensional stratification fits of discrete structures such as granulation and small-scale magnetic concentrations give satisfactory results with errors that are primarily due to steep temperature gradients and abrupt changes of temperature with depth. I conclude that stratification modelling using the H and K wings is a useful technique for the interpretation of solar high-resolution observations.

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Ed ~ The "wings" are a narrow range of wavelengths on  either side of the Calcium emission line.



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The Sun captured with a 100mm refractor and Vesta pro webcam. Solar filter + Calcium K filter + IR-cut filter.

Test 'First light' Capture 13_06_2012 10_04_56.



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Sun in Calcium light

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Sun CaIIK

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Sun Spectrohelioscopy in Ca II K( Ionised Calcium) light at 3933,68 A with a home built High resolution spectroscope. Sequence of 41 frames, each of 0.029 A bandpass, from the violet to the red passing trough the center of the line.



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CAKfilter.gif

One advantage with theses filters is that they don't need to have such a narrow bandwidth compared to, say, H-alpha solar filters, and thus are easier to manufacture and consequently cheaper to buy.



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Wratten #18a Filter
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Wratten #18a Filter

WavelengthTransmissionDensity
(nm)(%) (D)
280nm0.00 % 
290nm0.65 % 
300nm2.50 % 
310nm7.60 % 
320nm14.50 % 
330nm25.60 % 
340nm37.20 % 
350nm47.90 % 
360nm52.50 % 
370nm44.70 % 
380nm31.60 % 
390nm4.50 % 
400nm and above0.00 %  


Ed ~ The transmission values show that this is not a suitable (and cheap) Calcium K line filter substitute.



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Calcium K filters
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 Credit Solartelescope

The Sun in blue Ca-K-Light taken with a Coronado PST telescope and a adapted Sony DSC-H3 date 28.05.2012 time 11:00 UTC with some sunspots.
Location:Berne/Switzerland



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B&W 403 Filter
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B&W 55mm Slim UV Black (403) Filter - This filter should not be confused with a traditional "UV" filter. This specialised filter is opaque to the eye and passes UV A radiation from 320-385nm. It also blocks all visible light. When used with the appropriately sensitised film, it is especially effective when used in forensics or in certain fluorescent photography.
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Calcium K filters
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Hoya U-340

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Hoya B-390

Hoya390-1.gif

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 Mercury Transit from Nov 8, 2006

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