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Montealtosuchus arrudacamposi
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 The 80 million-year-old remains of a land-bound reptile described as a possible link between prehistoric and modern-day crocodiles were displayed to the public for the first time on Thursday.
The fossil of the 5 1/2-foot-long predator was found in 2004 near the small city of Monte Alto, 215 miles northwest of Sao Paulo.
The long-limbed and extremely agile animal, dubbed "Montealtosuchus arrudacamposi," roamed arid and hot terrain that is now Brazilian countryside,
Two years ago, palaeontologists from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, announced the discovery of a fossil of a prehistoric crocodile which they called Uberabasuchus Terrificus, or the "terrible crocodile of Uberaba."
Uberabasuchus lived 70 million years ago and was smaller than today's crocodiles - only about 10 feet long and weighing about 650 pounds.

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Miocene crocodile
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Cavers in central Cuba have found the remains of what is believed to be a 20 million-year-old, 10-metre-long crocodile.
The team from the Speleological Society of Cuba also found bones believed to be from prehistoric dugongs.
The remains, thought to date back to the Miocene Epoch were found in the Cayajana river about 350km east of Havana.

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RE: Godzilla
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Three homesick crocodiles in Australia have shocked experts by returning hundreds of kilometres back to their homes after being relocated.
The discovery was made after tracking devices were attached to the reptiles.
Sal****er crocodiles caught near popular Australian beaches and rivers are often shipped to more remote areas.

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Crocodylus porosus
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Satellite Tracking Reveals Long Distance Coastal Travel and Homing by Translocated Estuarine Crocodiles, Crocodylus porosus:

Crocodiles are widely distributed and can usually be found in remote areas, however very little is known about their movements on a larger scale. In this study, Read and colleagues (including the late Steve Irwin) use satellite tracking to report the movements of three large male crocodiles, which were relocated up to 411km from their capture sites in Northern Australia. The results show that each crocodile returned to its original capture site within days, indicating that homing abilities are present amongst crocodiles.
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RE: Godzilla
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The skull of a 130-million-year-old crocodile has been unearthed by a fossil-hunter along the UK coastline.
It was discovered on the coast of Swanage in Dorset by Mr Richard Edmonds after he who spotted the prehistoric predator's 60cm skull poking out of a rock.

"It's only the second crocodile skull to be found in the area in the last 30 years - Mr Richard Edmonds, earth science manager for the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site team.

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Fossilised crocodile skull found
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Scientists in Indonesia's central Java are celebrating the discovery of a massive fossilised crocodile skull, believed to be up to 700,000 years old.
A farmer, Sri Mulyono, found the crocodile head, complete with its upper and lower jaw, on farming land sloping down to a river in Pucung village in Karanganyar district, Central Java on April 4.
Sangiran Museum caretaker Elfrida Anjarwati said the ancient soil in which the head was found indicated it was between 500,000 and 700,000 years old.

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Ancient crocodile
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The fossil of an ancient crocodile has been discovered in the Blue Mountains in eastern Oregon The discovery by the North American Research Group (NARG), whose members were digging for Jurassic-age mollusks known as ammonites, suggests that the Blue Mountains consist of rocks that travelled from somewhere in the Far East.

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Thalattosuchian
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The ferocious predator plied Asian coastal waters before dying and, stuck in the ocean floor, took a slow, 100 million-year ride east to the sandstone hills of Central Oregon southeast of Prineville.
In its day, the creature lunged from the water to snare low-flying reptiles called pterosaurs. But less than two years ago, Andrew Bland, an amateur fossil-hunter from Vancouver, scanned a hillside near the tiny town of Suplee and spied a curious brownish-black rock, which turned out to be a strange and very, very old skull.
Bland, a software engineer by profession, had stumbled upon the oldest, most complete crocodile ever found in Oregon -- a potentially historic find pegged at about 150 million to 200 million years of age. The deadly creature, called a thalattosuchian from the Jurassic Period, was about 6 to 8 feet long and would have weighed a few hundred pounds, says William Orr, director of the Thomas Condon State Museum of Fossils at the University of Oregon, which houses the extinct animal's fossilised bones.

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dyrosaurus phosphaticus
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The Taichung City-based National Museum of Natural Science unveiled yesterday its collection of fossils of ancient crocodiles and announced that the museum is preparing a special exhibition for the valuable artefacts.
At a press conference held to publicize the collection, museum Curator Lin Chung-hsien said the museum's core operations are collection and research, through which people can find out more about nature.
Among the fossils, the oldest is a prehistoric crocodile called steneosaurus bollensis, discovered in a small village in Stuttgart, Germany. It lived in the early Jurassic Period some 180 million years ago, according to Cheng Yien-nien, a paleontologist from the museum's Geology Department.
In his briefing, Cheng also introduced the museum's most valuable crocodile fossil -- an 5.6 meter reptile called dyrosaurus phosphaticus that was found in Morocco and is said to be around 50 million years old.
It might be the world's first specimen of the species to be completely unearthed, Cheng said.
In addition, he announced that the museum is managing a specimen of a crocodilian species discovered in Penghu, off southwestern Taiwan, in 2006, which he estimated to be 14 million years old.
It is the oldest crocodilian fossil unearthed in Taiwan and is probably a new species of prehistoric crocodile, Cheng said, noting that the fossil has preserved skin and even food in its stomach.

Source China Post

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Posts: 128096
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Godzilla
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In the Jurassic era when dinosaurs ruled the earth, a 13-foot monster crocodile nicknamed "Godzilla" might be the king of sea..

Totally unique among marine crocodiles, "it is one of the most evolved members of the crocodilian family and also one of the most bizarre" - Diego Pol, a paleontologist at Ohio State University in Columbus, who served on the research team.
Alerted by a group of farmers who stumbled across several fragments, a team of paleontologists led by Zulma Gasparini of Argentina's La Plata University collected a skull and parts of a vertebrae of the animal in the Argentine province of Neuquen in 1996.
The unusual fossils presented a puzzle until Dr Pol used sophisticated computer software to map the features of the bones and determine the creature's lineage.

Until now, every known marine crocodilian had a head of one basic type, with a long snout and many sharp, identical teeth. But "Godzilla" had a short, high snout and teeth that were large and serrated, like a terrestrial reptile's.
Large serrated teeth of "Godzilla", given the scientific name Dakosaurus andiniensis, indicate a carnivore that would have hunted large prey.


A "sea monster" nicknamed Godzilla warns pterosaurs that this meal already is taken. This computer illustration of the fierce croc appears in the December 2005 issue of National Geographic magazine. Researchers discovered the skull of the animal, known by the scientific name Dakosaurus andiniensis, in Argentina.

"This was a top predator that probably was 13 feet long and swam around using its jagged teeth to bite and cut its prey, like dinosaurs and other predatory reptiles did" - Diego Pol.

The researchers don't yet know what events triggered the relatively sudden emergence of Dakosaurus, nor do they know what caused it to go extinct.

"These groups all went extinct about the same time as the dinosaurs … and the whales appeared shortly afterward and seemed to have replaced them ecologically" - J. M. Clark, who was not involved with the research.

The finding, published in Thursday's online issue of the journal Science, sheds new light on an animal that millions of years ago dominated Earth's seas.
Its discovery will be highlighted in the December issue of National Geographic magazine.

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