Maxima of the long period variable star Omicron Ceti (Mira) on the 10th March 2017.
Magnitude range: 2.0 - 10.1Period: 332.0 days Type: Mira Position(2000): RA 02 19 20.7927 | Dec -02° 58' 39.513"
Title: Recurring OH Flares towards o Ceti: I. location and structure of the 1990s' and 2010s' events Author: S. Etoka, E. Gerard, A.M.S. Richards, D. Engels, J. Brand, T. Le Bertre We present the analysis of the onset of the new 2010s' OH flaring event detected in the OH ground-state main line at 1665~MHz towards o Ceti and compare its characteristics with those of the 1990s' flaring event. This is based on a series of complementary single-dish and interferometric observations both in OH and H2O obtained with the Nancay Radio telescope (NRT), the Medicina and Effelsberg Telescopes, the European VLBI Network (EVN), and (e)Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network ((e)MERLIN). We compare the overall characteristics of o Ceti's flaring events with those which have been observed towards other thin-shell Miras, and explore the implication of these events with respect to the standard OH circumstellar-envelope model. The role of binarity in the specific characteristics of o Ceti's flaring events is also investigated. The flaring regions are found to be less than ~400±40mas (i.e., 40±4 AU) either side of o Ceti, with seemingly no preferential location with respect to the direction to the companion Mira B. Contrary to the usual expectation that the OH maser zone is located outside the H2O maser zone, the coincidence of the H2O and OH maser velocities suggests that both emissions arise at similar distances from the star. The OH flaring characteristics of Mira are similar to those observed in various Mira variables before, supporting the earlier results that the regions where the transient OH maser emission occurs are different from the standard OH maser zone. Read more (418kb, PDF)
Maxima of the long period variable star Omicron Ceti (Mira) between 21st - 31st May 2015
Title: Resolving the stellar activity of the Mira AB binary with ALMA Author: W.H.T. Vlemmings, S. Ramstedt, E. O'Gorman, E.M.L. Humphreys, M. Wittkowski, A. Baudry, M. Karovska We present the size, shape and flux densities at millimeter continuum wavelengths, based on ALMA science verification observations in Band 3 (~94.6 GHz) and Band 6 (~228.7 GHz), from the binary Mira A (o Ceti) and Mira B. The Mira AB system has been observed with ALMA at a spatial resolution of down to ~25 mas. The extended atmosphere of Mira A and the wind around Mira B sources are resolved and we derive the size of Mira A and of the ionised region around Mira B. The spectral indices within Band 3 (between 89-100 GHz) and between Band 3 and Band 6 are also derived. The spectral index of Mira A is found to change from 1.71±0.05 within Band 3 to 1.54±0.04 between Band 3 and 6. The spectral index of Mira B is 1.3±0.2 in Band 3, in good agreement with measurements at longer wavelengths. However it rises to 1.72±0.11 between the bands. For the first time the extended atmosphere of a star is resolved at these frequencies and for Mira A the diameter is ~3.7x2.9 AU in Band 3 (with brightness temperature Tb~6000 K) and ~4.0x3.6 AU in Band 6 (Tb~2500 K). Additionally, a bright hotspot of ~0.4 AU and with Tb~10000 K is found on the stellar disc of Mira A. The size of the ionised region around the accretion disk of Mira B is found to be ~2.4 AU. The emission around Mira B is consistent with that from a partially ionised wind of gravitationally bound material from Mira A close to the accretion disk of Mira B. The Mira A atmosphere does not fully match predictions, with brightness temperatures in Band 3 significantly higher than expected, potentially due to shock heating. The hotspot is likely due to magnetic activity and could be related to the previously observed X-ray flare of Mira A. Read more (687kb, PDF)
Mira was observed by David Fabricius on February 16, 1609Read more
Mira was observed by David Fabricius on February 16, 1609
Maxima of long period variable star Omicron Ceti (Mira) on 21-31 July, 2013
Date:14th September, 2012.
Maxima of the variable star Omicron Ceti (Mira) on the 24th August, 2012. Magnitude range: 2.0 - 10.1Period=332.0days Type: Mira Position(2000): RA 02 19 20.7927 | Dec -02° 58' 39.513"